So you thought Internet of Things (IOT) was a trendsetter for upcoming technologies. Actually….it is!! Now what is IOT?- It is the network of physical objects or things embedded with electronics, software, sensors and network connectivity which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. The physical world and computer based system are directly integrated. How is the question? It is by being sensed and controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure. This all leads to improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit.
The cyber physical systems lead to technologies such as asssmart grids, smart homes, intelligent transportation and smart cities. IOT finds its application in the following areas like as:-
- Heart monitoring implants
- Biochip transponders on farm animals
- Electric clams in coastal waters
- Automobiles with built-in sensors
- DNA analysis devices for environmental/ food/pathogen monitoring
- Field operation devices that assist fire-fighters in search and rescue operations
- Smart thermostat systems washers/dryers that use Wifi for remote monitoring
So let’s see as to how IOT works?
Internet of Things requires huge scalability in the network space to handle the surge of devices. In semi-open or closed loops (e.g.:-supply chain management) it will therefore be considered and studied as a complex system. The Internet of objects would encode 50 to 100 trillion objects and be able to follow the movement of these objects.
In an Internet of things, the precise geographic dimensions of a thing- will be critical. There are three core sectors of the IOT: enterprise, home and government where the enterprise sector being the largest.
The problem in the IOT being “Basket of remotes problem”, ie we’ll have hundreds of applications to interface with hundred of devices that don’t share protocols for speaking with one another.
Internet of Things frameworks might help support the interaction between “things “and allow for more complex structures like distributed computing and the development of Distributed applications.
There are mainly three types of technologies that enable IOT:
- RFID and near field communication
- Optical tags and quick response codes
- Bluetooth low energy
The ramifications of IOT are that it offers immense potential for empowering citizen, making government transparent and broadening information access.
Concerns have been raised that the Internet of Things is being rapidly without appropriate consideration of the profound security challenges involved and the regulatory changes that might be necessary.
Given widespread recognition of the evolving nature of the design and management of the Internet of Things, sustainable and secure deployment of Internet of Things solutions must design for “anarchic scalability”.
The successful execution of the Internet of Things requires consideration of the interface’s usability as well as the technology itself.
A concern regarding IOT technologies pertains to the environmental impact of the manufacturing, use and eventual disposal of these entire semi-conductors rich device.
A final say to this data rich topic is that:
The ability to network embedded devices with limited CPU, memory and power resources means that IOT finds applications in nearly every field. Such systems could be in charge of collecting information in settings ranging from natural ecosystems to buildings and factories, thereby finding applications in fields of environmental sensing and urban planning.
On the other hand, IOT systems could also be responsible for performing actions, not just sensing things. Intelligent shopping systems, for example, could monitor specific users purchasing habits in a store by tracking their specific mobile phones. These users could then be provided with special offers on their favourite products or even location of items that they need, which their fridge has automatically conveyed to the phone. Additional examples of sensing and actuating are reflected in applications that deal with heat, electricity and energy management, as well as cruise-assisting transportation systems.